Buying an existing business can be an attractive alternative to starting a company from scratch for many aspiring entrepreneurs and business owners. The prospect of taking over a business with an established product or service, existing customers, and a proven business model can give buyers a head start compared to independent startups. However, exploring ‘business for sale’ opportunities requires careful research and preparation. This guide covers critical steps and considerations to help beginners navigate buying an existing business.
Understanding Why Businesses Are Sold
Before starting your search, it helps to understand sellers’ motivations for putting their business on the market. Some common reasons companies are put up for sale include:
Retirement or Burnout
Founders and owners looking to retire or move on to new ventures often seek a buyer to take over the company. This can represent an opportunity to continue the legacy of a successful business.
Some business owners may sell if the company struggles financially or needs help adapting to industry changes. While risks are higher, a turnaround could also bring big rewards.
The departure of a critical partner, like a co-founder, can also trigger the sale of a business. In this case, an incoming buyer can provide new energy and direction.
Exiting an Investment
For companies funded by venture capital or private equity, a sale is a way for initial investors to cash out and capture a return.
Evaluating Advertised Listings
Once you understand the motivations behind a sale, the next step is scrutinising potential opportunities. There are several places to research businesses for sale, including:
- Online directories like BizBuySell.com and BusinessBroker.net.
- Listings sites focused on specific regions or industries.
- Business brokers who represent sellers.
- Word-of-mouth referrals.
When evaluating listings, look for key details including:
- Financials: Profits, sales, debt levels and other stats indicating performance.
- Operations: Number of employees, facilities, supply chain and systems.
- Assets: Inventory, intellectual property, real estate and other tangible assets.
- Reason for sale: This can provide insight into risks and potential.
- Asking price: Is it reasonable based on the fundamentals?
Vetting the Company Thoroughly
Once you identify promising leads, the due diligence begins before making an offer. Essential steps in this process include:
Review financial statements and tax returns in detail. Look for trends and how profitability stacks up to industry benchmarks.
Checking Legal Compliance
Make sure proper licenses, registrations, permits and insurance are in place.
Assessing Customers and Market Position
Talk to critical customers and research the competitive landscape to gauge stability and growth prospects.
Inspecting Premises and Facilities
Tour physical locations to look for maintenance issues or needed upgrades.
Understanding Operational Processes
Review how sales, fulfilment, HR and other functions are handled. Look for dependencies on key individuals.
The goal is to build an accurate business model and fully identify weaknesses.
Structuring Your Offer
Once satisfied with due diligence, it’s time to create an offer and begin negotiations. Key elements include:
Derive a valuation based on profit potential, including assets, brand value and other factors. Consider getting an independent appraisal.
Will all cash be paid upfront? What about earnouts based on future performance? Seller financing? The structure impacts risk.
Representations and Warranties
Protections if undisclosed liabilities emerge. Consider having an attorney draft or review the purchase agreement.
We are agreeing on how the handover of operations will work following closing.
Making a Success of Your New Venture
The real work begins if you complete a purchase – turning your acquisition into a thriving business. Here are quick tips:
- Move quickly to implement operational changes or other growth strategies.
- Retain key talent, especially customer-facing and skilled employees.
- Learn industry best practices to shore up any weaknesses.
- Keep communicating with customers to ensure continuity.
- Revise branding and marketing materials to reflect the new ownership.
With careful diligence and execution, buying an existing business like AnyBusiness can allow entrepreneurs to hit the ground running while avoiding the risks of an unproven concept. Taking adequate time to thoroughly evaluate all opportunities and negotiate the most favourable deal strategically and adequately is the key to starting your new venture smoothly. Getting the business valuation right, structuring the deal wisely, and developing a solid transition plan is critical to setting your acquisition up for success and giving your new venture the best possible start.